Dr Julia Becker
Prof David Johnston
GNS Science / Massey University
Psychology tells us that human beings tend to follow behavioural rules to ensure that we are acting in an acceptable way. These rules are referred to as social norms, and they can be utilized to influence the way people behave. The Cultural Resilience programme is working to understand the social norms that underpin a resilient culture in New Zealand, harnessing and building on them to improve our national resilience.
Integral to the programme’s research is an outcome-focused plan to clearly define the best tools and strategies to facilitate resilience becoming an integral “part of what we do and who we are”. Using diverse research methods including co-creation with key stakeholders and end users, the programme team is investigating new and rapidly evolving technologies, and determining the ways these can be harnessed to develop social norms of resilience across diverse communities and hazard profiles. The team is also engaging with citizens to build more desire for involvement in hazard related science, and is developing a framework for citizen-science initiatives.
Feature: Drop, cover and… Tweet?
Social media not only keeps us up to date with the latest memes, it might also be helping communities to be more resilient to natural hazards.
Our researchers have been investigating how social media is supporting resilient capabilities within the community.
Developing social norms towards a culture of resilience
Seeking to understand existing and prospective social norms around resilience to natural hazards, and how these norms can be enhanced or developed to contribute to a resilient culture. Norms are being considered in the context of location, sudden shocks (e.g. earthquakes, storms, wildfires) and incremental hazards (e.g. sea-level rise).
Project lead: Dr Julia Becker
Host: GNS Science
Investigating social norms in the context of emerging technologies, and looking at how people’s interaction with information and communication technologies can contribute to a resilient culture.
Project lead: Dr Abi Beatson
Host: GNS Science
Connecting Citizens to Science
Investigating citizen science as a tool for increasing opportunities for New Zealanders to become involved in science activities, and improving the strategic framework for citizen science.
Project lead: Prof. David Johnston
Host: GNS Science
P-TECH in CITSCI
This project, funded from the Challenge’s contestable funding process in 2017, is assessing the role and contribution of technology in fostering genuine participation and citizen science in strengthening resilience to natural hazards in New Zealand.
Project lead: Dr Loïc Le Dē
Host: Auckland University of Technology
Feature: Student Profile
Growing up in Lower Hutt, PhD student Lauren Vinnell was well aware of Wellingon’s vulnerability to natural hazards. But she was also aware of how many people in the area were unprepared for a hazard event like an earthquake or tsunami.
Through her PhD thesis, Lauren aims to understand why people in Wellington are and are not preparing for natural hazards, and then to use that understanding to test ways to get people preparing more.
Māori cultural kaupapa and risk resilience
National hui at Orongomai marae, looking at which Māori cultural kaupapa (i.e. both values and practices) mitigate risks to marae resilience, and challenges to operationalising it.
Digital volunteer communities
Developed a partnership with digital volunteer communities in conjunction with the MCDEM-led Exercise Tangaroa.
Collaborative workshop summarising opportunities for citizen science in the disaster resilience space.
Joint NZ-US Citizen Science workshop in Washington State in August 2017 (RAPID).
Citizen science workshop
Citizen Science workshop in conjunction with East Coast Lab at the Boundary in Hawkes Bay, July 2017.
Undertook 7 surveys to investigate social norms and resilience in a pre- (earthquake, coastal) and post-event (Kaikoura earthquake, Edgecumbe flood) context.
Community Engagement Theory
Cultural resilience workshop on Community Engagement Theory.
More than twenty one peer-reviewed publications.
Feature: Cultural resilience in the capital
Can our capital cope with a natural disaster?
Our researchers have been surveying Wellingtonians to find out how resilient the city’s residents are.
Feature: Fostering children’s participation in DRR with Minecraft and LEGO
Children are often underestimated in Disaster Risk Reduction initiatives, but they own valuable knowledge about local hazards, as well as the vulnerabilities and capacities in their area.
Kwok, A.H., Doyle, E.E.H., Becker, J.S., Johnston, D.M., Paton, D.M. 2016 What is ‘social resilience’? Perspectives of disaster researchers, emergency management practitioners, and policymakers in New Zealand. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 19: 197-211; doi: 10.1016/j.ijdrr.2016.08.013 [October 2016]
Kwok, A. H., Paton, D., Becker, J., Hudson-Doyle, E. E., Johnston, D. (2018) “A bottom-up approach to developing a neighbourhood-based resilience measurement framework”, Disaster Prevention and Management: An International Journal, https://doi.org/10.1108/DPM-07-2017-0169
McClure, J., Henrich, L., Johnston, D., & Doyle, E. E. H. (2016). Are two earthquakes better than one? How earthquakes in two different regions affect risk judgments and preparation in three locations. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 16, 192-199. Doi:10.1016/j.ijdrr.2016.03.003
Tan, M.L., Prasanna, R., Stock, K., Hudson-Doyle, E., Leonard, G., & Johnston, D. (2017). Mobile applications in crisis informatics literature: A systematic review. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 24, 297-311
Vinnell, L. J., Milfont, T. L., & McClure, J. (2018). Do social norms affect support for earthquake-strengthening legislation? Comparing the effects of descriptive and injunctive norms. Environment and Behavior, 1 – 25